Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service (HMCTS) has published its latest round of quarterly tribunal statistics for January to March 2013, which also includes annual figures for the financial year 2012/13, covering the period from April 2012 to March 2013. The quarterly statistics are in addition to the employment tribunal and EAT-specific annual statistics usually published in September. However, as HMCTS has previously stated, from this September, the employment tribunal and EAT statistics will not be published separately but will be incorporated into the September publication (covering April to June) of Tribunals Quarterly.
In relation to employment tribunals, the statistics reveal that in 2012/13 the caseload outstanding has increased by 13 per cent compared to 2011/12, with the number of claims accepted increasing three per cent to 191,541. A look at the number of claims accepted for different jurisdictions in 2012/13 reveals, among other things:
a 39 per cent fall in the number of claims for failure to inform and consult on a TUPE transfer, but a 39 per cent rise in claims for a failure to inform or consult on redundancy
a 74 per cent rise in the number of sex discrimination claims
a 24 per cent fall in the number of age discrimination claims
The number of claims received from 1 January to 31 March 2013 was 57,737, which was a 36 per cent rise on the same period in 2012. This was driven by an increase in working time claims, which doubled over the period and accounted for just over a third of claims. The next largest numbers of jurisdictional complaints were unauthorised deductions (16 per cent) and unfair dismissal (11 per cent). On average, there were 1.7 jurisdictional complaints per case during the first quarter of 2013.
In terms of disposals, employment tribunals disposed of 27,778 claims during that period, 3 per cent fewer than in the first quarter of 2012. The number of disposals for single claims decreased by 10 per cent, while the number for multiple claims increased by 6 per cent.
Of those cases disposed of by employment tribunals in 2012/13, 25 per cent were cleared in 16 weeks or less, 50 per cent in 31 weeks or less, and 75 per cent within three years. The average ‘age’ of a case at disposal was 80 weeks. The results for the fourth quarter of 2012/13 also show that equal pay and race and sex discrimination claims took, on average, over four years to clear, while working time claims had the shortest average clearance time of 37 weeks.